I start by wishing all readers of “Daltons in History” a Happy New Year.  The Officers and Committee of the Dalton Genealogical Society join me in the sincere wish that 2007 brings you good fortune and success in your quest for further links in your Dalton family history.  Through the Society, we will endeavour to assist you in your searches and provide as much data as we can on this website, and in our twice yearly publication of the DGS Journal.  We will also see further expansion of the Dalton International DNA Project during the coming year.  We encourage all males with the Dalton surname to consider joining this ground breaking Y-chromosome project, and so assist your researches.  To those of you who are not yet DGS members, we encourage you to join the Society and give direct support to our efforts to assist you.  And we encourage you all to consider coming to our 2007 Gathering and Annual General Meeting at Worcester, England at the end of July.  Further details about all this and more can be found by clicking on the appropriate links on our front page.

Since I wrote in the December edition of “Daltons in History”, there are two appointments that have been made by the Dalton Genealogical Society.  Committee member, Dairne Irwin has agreed to take over the editorship of this web newsletter.  As you all know “Daltons in History” was started by Millicent Craig in January 1998 and, with this issue, is now entering its tenth year of publication.  Millicent has indicated that she would like more time to concentrate on her other DGS roles which are many and varied, and include acting as the Society’s American Secretary, running the Dalton International DNA Project and co-ordinating the ever expanding Dalton Data Bank.  I am delighted that Dairne has agreed to become editor and there will be a phased hand over of responsibilities over the next few issues.  Dairne was elected as a committee member in June 2006 and she is the wife of DGS Treasurer, Mel Irwin.  Mel and Dairne live in Bolton, Lancashire, England and Mel has Irish Dalton ancestry.  I know that Dairne is looking forward to her new role and she will be introducing herself to you in the next issue.

The second appointment is to the new role of DGS Irish Secretary, and Ciaran Dalton from County Kerry in the south west of Ireland has accepted our invitation to take this on.  Ciaran comes from an Irish Dalton family with its roots in Tipperary, Limerick and Waterford and he is the son of the late Patrick Dalton of Dublin, an early DGS member who I had the pleasure of meeting back in the 1970s.  Following the very successful Irish DGS Gathering held in July 2005, we are planning an event to take place in Birr, County Offaly in the summer of 2008.  There is much interest in Irish Dalton ancestry and, of course, there are many Daltons descended from these lines and living in Ireland today.  We anticipate building a substantial Irish Dalton membership within the DGS and, already, considerable assistance is being given to a number of Irish Dalton branches through the DNA Project.  All of this activity demands an Irish Secretary “on the ground” in Ireland and I know that Ciaran will fulfil this new role admirably.  I and all the DGS committee are very much looking forward to working with him.

Turning to the Worcester Gathering, I can report that we already have a substantial number of bookings.  The event is being co-ordinated by committee member, Howard Dalton and it would be of immense help to him and to the Society if you can indicate your interest in this event at the earliest opportunity.  An email to Howard (h.dalton1@ntlworld.com) ahead of the official booking form would be much appreciated, even if your plans are not definite or finalised.  The arrangements we have with The Fownes Hotel do not provide an unlimited number of rooms and the earlier we can indicate our total requirement, the better the chance we have of securing accommodation in this hotel for all who want to attend.  I am sure you will understand this.  The programme includes a number of optional events and excursions, and again the earlier we have an indication of your requirements, the easier it will be for us to secure the facilities for all who wish to participate.  Those of you who live in America and Canada are asked to co-ordinate your bookings through the DGS American Secretary, Millicent Craig (millicenty@aol.com), and if you are in Australia or New Zealand, through our Australian Secretary, Maureen Collins (mmcollins@ozemail.com.au).  Any queries that you may have about the arrangements, or any help you may need with your booking, please just ask.  We are all here to help as much as we can, and we all very much look forward to welcoming you to Worcester on Friday 27th July 2007.  In this issue of “Daltons in History” you will find the first of our features that give some background to the Dalton connections with Worcester – an article written by Morag Simpson that first appeared in the DGS Journal in 1976, entitled “The Flight to Wales - 1651”.  It gives an account of the Daltons who fought for the Royalists in the Battle of Worcester and, following their defeat, fled to Carmarthenshire.  Each month between now and July we will provide you with background reading prior to the gathering.

Before closing, I want to mention one more exciting development.  For some time, the DGS committee has been discussing the development of our website.  Since its inception in 1998, it has grown from small beginnings to become a major Dalton family history resource.  We believe it is now an appropriate time to improve its presentation and appearance, and to make it easier for you to navigate your way around the website.  Before making any changes we want to be certain that they will be genuine improvements, and we will therefore be making them slowly and over a period of time, and ensuring that we describe the changes very clearly to our readers as they are made.  We anticipate starting this process in the near future and we will keep you informed.  So watch this space!

It only remains for me to reiterate my opening remarks and wish you all a very happy New Year.  We look forward to your continuing support throughout 2007.

Yours very sincerely

Michael Neale Dalton
Chairman and Honorary Life President of the Dalton Genealogical Society

The Dalton Genealogical Society extends an invitation to all DGS members and their families to attend the 2007 Gathering and Annual General Meeting of the Society in the cathedral city of Worcester, England on Friday/Saturday/Sunday 27th, 28th and 29th July 2007. The theme of the weekend will follow the history of the English Civil War and the Battle of Worcester in 1651 with reference to Walter Dalton and his family who escaped from Worcester and made their way to Kidwelly in Carmarthenshire, South Wales.

It will include a guided time walk, and also a visit to the nearby birthplace of the great English composer, Sir Edward Elgar, in the year celebrating the 150th anniversary of his birth, with glimpses of his beloved Malvern Hills.

Transportation to Worcester

The city of Worcester is situated in the heart of England and is just off the M5 motorway leaving from junction 7 from the south and junction 6 from the north.

Birmingham International Airport is Worcester’s nearest airport and is only 38 miles away via the M42 and M5.

There are regular train services via Birmingham New Street Station to Worcester. The city has two railway stations; Worcester Foregate Street (with services from Birmingham New Street station) is located in the centre of the city and Worcester Shrub Hill (with services from London Paddington station) is a short taxi ride to the centre.

London Heathrow Airport is linked directly to Worcester by a daily National Express coach service.

For further information about transportation visit www.visitworcester.com.


Our venue for the weekend is The Fownes Hotel situated in the heart of the city of Worcester offering a prime location for exploring this historic city and the wealth of interest in the surrounding countryside. It is close to Worcester Cathedral and the River Severn, and also to the main shopping centre. The hotel offers stylish en suite double/twin bedrooms with a number of single rooms also available. We have negotiated a weekend package of £95.50 per person, which includes 3 nights bed and breakfast in a double occupancy room. There is a single room supplement of £12 per night. See reservation form for further details.

If you plan to come by car, leave the M5 at Junction 7 and follow the A44 signposted Worcester City Centre. Turn right at the 6th set of traffic lights (after approximately 3 miles) into City Walls Road, (dual carriageway). Follow to the roundabout and take the last exit, following back along City Walls Road on the other carriageway. The hotel is then situated on the left hand side. It has its own car park with ample space.

Our Conference, Annual General Meeting and Annual Dinner will be held on the Saturday in the John Fownes Suite at the hotel.

For more information on the hotel visit www.fownesgroup.co.uk

This article was written by the late Mrs Morag Simpson, for many years a DGS committee member, and originally published in DGS Journal Volume 6 in 1976.  It describes the role played by various members of the Dalton family in the Civil War and particularly at the Battle of Worcester in 1651.  It will be of special interest to those readers who plan to attend the 2007 DGS Gathering taking place in Worcester over the weekend of Fri/Sat/Sun 27/28/29 July.

The Civil War and its aftermath proved somewhat of a disaster for the Dalton family.  The Senior Thurnham Line lost Colonel Dalton at the Battle of Newbury in 1644.  John Dalton of the Yorkshire branch died of wounds in the same year.  The Irish Daltons of County Westmeath were broken as “territorial magnates by the Cromwellian devastations” (1).  Perhaps, however, the Junior Thurnham Line paid the highest price in the Dalton support of the Royalist cause.  The main calamity, which befell this branch of the family, is associated with the Battle of Worcester in 1651 and its consequences.

Walter Dalton (1603-1666) the head of the Junior Dalton Line, played an active part in the Civil War.  He fought at Newbury in the regiment of his cousin Colonel Dalton (2).  Not deterred by Cromwell’s victory and the death of the King, he joined the invading Scottish army led by Charles II.  A family tradition is that either he was the Paymaster of the Army or he was associated with that office (3).  With Walter went his younger brothers Charles (1605-1651) and William (1614-1651), together with other relations and friends.

The Scots and their supporters proved no match for the military genius of Cromwell and the Royalist army was routed at the Battle of Worcester in September 1651.  The fight was an exceedingly bloody business even for the Civil War and many Royalists were killed including both Walter’s brothers, Charles and William.  According to one source “at the battle there were ten (Dalton) brothers, cousins and uncles killed” (3).

According to a verbal family tradition, Walter and a relation Rowland escaped from the field, laden with the royal paychest (4).  He hastily collected his wife and young children to make a get away to South Wales.  The journey lasted into the winter and the conditions were so harsh that three of Walter’s children died – Thomas aged 8, Ormonde aged 6 and Walter aged 3 (3).  The youngest child James, aged 1, survived and became the ancestor of the Junior Dalton Line and the American Daltons of Salt Lake City.

One interesting point is the identity of the Rowland who escaped from Worcester with Walter.  In the writer’s opinion he was Rowland Vaughan one of the Vaughan family of Golden Grove, Carmarthenshire, who were ardent Royalists.  It was to the Vaughan area of South Wales that Walter fled and in the course of time Walter’s son James married Rowland Vaughan’s daughter, Joyce.

Who were the Vaughans of Golden Grove?  They first came into prominence in the reign of the Welsh Henry VII, when Hugh Vaughan was responsible for attained lands in Wales.  He used this position to amass land for his family and acquired the estate of Golden Grove.  The possessions of the Vaughans continued to grow in the next reign with the acquisition of former monastic lands and judicious management.  The Vaughans were also engaged as sleeping partners of South Wales ship owners, both in legal foreign trade and in smuggling and free booting.  Their more respectable activities also flourished; they provided Members of Parliament and Sheriffs for South Wales and their final triumph was the elevation of Sir John Vaughan to the Earldom of Canberry.  This Sir John “after much supplication became the Comptroller of the Prince of Wales’s Household in 1614” (5).  Sir John, the first Earl of Canberry was cousin to Rowland Vaughan.

Walter and his surviving family settled down at Pembrey near to the seat of the Earl at Golden Grove.  His financial position appears to have been satisfactory and he sent his son James to the Inns of Court in London where he qualified as a barrister-at-law.  James, probably through both the Vaughan and Dalton connections, acquired the post of Receiver for the Duchy of Lancaster, which was held in turn by his eldest son John.  Another son Richard became Sheriff.

It is obvious that the Civil War had a rather devastating effect on Walter and his family.  The number of male Daltons was drastically reduced and the young James’s chances of survival could not have been rated high in the hard winter of 1651/52.  Yet the family adapted itself, survived and then rebuilt both its numbers and its socio-economic position – quite a remarkable feat in a troubled period of English history.


(1)  “Irish Families” by Edward MacLysaght (published in Dublin in 1957)

(2)  “The Dalton Book” by Edith Leaning (published privately 1951)

(3)  Printed Family Pedigree prepared by Sir Llewelyn Dalton, the writer’s uncle (reproduced in DGS Journal Volume 6 published 1976)

(4)   Recounted by the writer’s aunt, Mrs G E M Druce, who was told the story in her turn by her grandmother, Eliza Maria Dalton (nee Allies).  Eliza Maria Allies married her first cousin  John Neale Dalton and was brought up on accounts of the Dalton experiences in the Civil War.  Her husband’s great grandfather, James Dalton, was a grandson of the boy James who survived the flight from Worcester.  For details of the descendants of James Dalton and Joyce Vaughan see DGSJ Vols 2 and 5.

(5)  “The Gentry of South West Wales 1540-1640” by H A Lloyd (published by the University of Wales Press, Cardiff 1968)


The writer’s account differs considerably from that of Mrs Leaning (2).  She puts the flight to Wales seven years earlier after the Battle of Newbury in 1644.  This would seem too early in view of the ages of Walter’s three sons who perished on the journey.  Ormonde and Walter were not yet born in 1644 (3).  The verbal tradition is emphatic that the Battle of Worcester was the great calamity to befall the Daltons.

Michael Dalton, DGS Chairman, describes the visit he and his wife, Kate, made to Warner, New Hampshire in October 2006 following the DGS American Gathering held at Hampton, NH.

Whilst staying in Hampton, we found a leaflet with details of The Dalton Bridge, a covered bridge at Warner, NH.  Following the DGS Gathering we drove north to Newport, NH for a three night stay and time to observe the spectacular fall scenery.  After an enjoyable and relaxing time in Newport, we headed south again back to Boston by way of Warner, where we stopped to view The Dalton Bridge, named after Isaac Dalton a descendant from Philemon Dalton.  Warner is a small New England town just off Route 89 half way between Concord and Sunapee Lake.  The Dalton Bridge, which was originally constructed about 1810 is 80 feet in length and spans the Warner River.  After looking at the bridge, we visited the Warner library and a very helpful librarian found us details about Isaac and the bridge and copied them for us at no charge.  She was most interested in the DGS and the early Dalton settlers in New England, and Isaac Dalton in particular.



In “Warner, NH 1880-1974”, a book prepared by the Warner Historical Society, we found on pp 138-9 in a section entitled “Some Old Houses” the following entry:


On the south side of Main Street, at the point where the Joppa Road begins, is a small Cape Cod-style dwelling known as the Isaac Dalton house.  It is said to have been built in 1794, perhaps by Jonathan Emerson who, according to Mrs Cogswell, lived there before Dalton.  It is the latter for whom the Dalton Bridge, which crosses the river just behind the house, is named.

Jonathan was a son of Ithamar Emerson.  Isaac Dalton came to Warner from Salisbury, Massachusetts, in 1784 and settled at the North Village, where he had a tannery.  Later he and his family moved to the Main Street location, where he died in 1838.  He was for many years a deacon of the Congregational Church.

The house was occupied at one time by Mr and Mrs Herbert W Harris.  Later it was the home of Mr and Mrs Sidney Williams, who in 1954 sold it to Mr and Mrs Andrew McCarthy.  Mrs McCarthy, who survives her husband, lives there now.”

In a book entitled “The History of Warner, New Hampshire 1735-1879” by Walter Harriman (ISBN 0-89725-147-4), we find Isaac Dalton on pp 97-8 listed among the early settlers:

“Isaac Dalton was from Salisbury, Massachusetts.  He came to Warner in 1784 and settled in the North village, where Levi O Colby resides, at the foot of the Minks.  Here he carried on both farming and tanning.  Late in life he removed with his family to the main road, at the lower end of Warner village, and there died in 1838.  Mrs John Stewart was his daughter, and his sons now living are Col Isaac and Dr John E Dalton, both in the West.”

and then again on p 516:

“……Philemon Dalton, with his wife and child, came to this country from England in the ship Increase, reaching these shores April 15, 1635.  His great-grandson, Isaac Dalton, had six children; and their names are all given in a letter written on the battlefield of Louisbourg in 1745, a copy of which letter is now held by B Dalton Dorr, of Philadelphia.  One of the six was the grandfather of Deacon Isaac Dalton, who was born at Salisbury, Mass., March 2, 1761, and who, with his wife (Eleanor Merrill), moved to Warner in 1784, as stated in Chapter VII (see above).  These were the maternal grandparents of the subject of this sketch.

Isaac D Stewart was born in Warner, Dec 23, 1817.  His fondness for books and school was developed in childhood, and when 16 years of age he was teaching his first school.  At 18 he went to Ohio, and after teaching there two years he returned with a full purpose of taking a college course of study.  When about fitted for such course, his plans were changed, and after two years in a theological school he entered the ministry of the Free Will Baptist denomination, and was ordained Feb 2, 1843.……”

The above extracts, gleaned in just a short time in the Warner library, give some insight into Isaac Dalton and his family and, no doubt, with further research we could find out much more about this interesting Dalton line descended from Philemon Dalton, the original early settler.  The photographs show the Dalton Bridge which has been well preserved and is an excellent example of the traditional covered bridges, so much part of New England’s heritage.  In a note in the Eyewitness Travel Guide, we learn that American bridge builders began covering their wooden spans in the early 19th Century to protect the truss work and planking from the harsh weather.  Originally the bridges were built by locals, each one having design elements specific to its region.  Covered bridges built in farming communities were wide enough and tall enough to accommodate a wagon loaded with hay.  The bridges were more than just river crossings though – fishermen cast their lines below the spans, children used them as platforms to dive into the water below, birds nested in the rafters and social dances were sometimes held beneath their roofs.  Perhaps Isaac fished under and danced on the bridge to which he gave the Dalton name.

The DGS is keen to contact any living descendants of Isaac Dalton and anyone reading this, with information which may help us to locate a descendant and make contact, is asked to email the writer (michaelndalton@aol.com)

Additional References

DGS Journal, Volume 31, November 1999, The Hampton, NH Daltons, Part II, by Millicent V. Craig,  pages 18 -27

1. French and British Conflicts and Isaac's Fateful Decision

2. Isaac's Legacy

3, Isaac's Son Samuel

4. Samuels' Legacy

5. Deacon Isaac Dalton (Warner, NH)

6. Covered Bridge of Warner, NH

Once again our two photographers, Barbara Craig and Mary Lou Weber-Elias, have captured the spirit of a Dalton Gathering and posted them here on the web for your perusal. Allow time for browsing as there are several hundred photos to examine. Click the small photo for an enlargement. Right click and "Save Picture As..." to transfer a photo to your computer. Press the "Enter" key to start a slideshow.

John and Sheila Dalton photographed the early tombstone of Deacon Philemon Dalton at Pine Grove Cemetery, Hampton. They are truly souvenirs of a most memorable week-end.

You may view the complete DGS picture gallery here:

Dave Edwards

The following data was provided by DGS member, Dave Edwards of Cooperstown, NY.  It was extracted from a database of persons residing or born in Dublin who are known to have died in the First World War. Our appreciation is extended to Dave.

DALTON, Michael

Stoker 1st Class, son of Jeremiah and Margaret Dalton, of 2, Prospect  Villas, Inchicore, Dublin

Unit No. K/23804, Unit H.M.S. “Vanguard”, Service: Royal Navy.

Killed by internal explosion of vessel at Scapa Flow, July 9, 1917, age 22

Cemetery: 23, Chatham Naval Memorial—Kent—United Kingdom

DALTON, Charles

Lieutenant-Colonel, son of the late John Edward and Katherine M. Dalton, of Ballygriffin, Co. Tipperary

Unit: Royal Army Medical Corps  Service: British Army

Died of wounds received in the battle of the Aisne,

Died: September 18, 1914.  Place: France & Flanders. Age: 48.

Cemetery: In East Quarter, Vieil-Arcy Communal Cemetery-Aisne-France

Educated at Clongowes. Deputy Assistant Director of the Irish Medical Command.  

Lengthy career, involving several colonial wars, described in Irish Life ‘Our Heroes’, 04/12/1914

Memorials: At St. Mary’s Catholic Church, Haddington Road, Ballsbridge, bronze plaque

DALTON, Gerald

Rifleman, born Dublin, husband of Margaret Dalton, of 20, Benburb St., Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 9937. Unit: Royal Irish Rifles, 1st Battalion. Service: British Army

Killed in action, May 9, 1915, France & Flanders, age 20

Cemetery: Panel 9, Ploegsteert Memorial-Comines-Warneton, Hainaut-Belgium


Private, born Dublin, son of Joseph Dalton, of 5, Hanover St. West, Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 12065. Unit: Royal Dublin Fusiliers, 6th Battalion.

Service: British Army

Killed in action, August 10, 1915, Gallipoli, age 28

Cemetery: Panel 190 to 196, Helles Memorial-Turkey

DALTON, John Joseph

Private, born St. Thomas, Dublin, resided Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 1089. Unit: Household Cavalry and Cavalry of the Line (including Yeomanry), 15th (The King’s) Hussars. Service: British Army.

Killed in action, November 1, 1914, France & Flanders

DALTON, Michael

Private, born St. Andrews, Dublin, son of Mrs. Mary Jane Dalton, of 3, Bishop St., Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 16883. Unit: Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, 9th Battalion.

Service: British Army

Died of wounds, March 21, 1916, France & Flanders, age 29

Cemetery: D.22, Beauval Communal Cemetery-Somme-France

DALTON, Patrick

Private, born St. Peter’s, Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 21328. Unit: Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, 1st Battallion

Formerly: Unit 30136, Hussars of the Line. Service: British Army

Killed in action, April 28, 1915, Gallipoli

DALTON, Patrick

Private, born Dublin

Enlisted: Dublin. Unit No: 9819. Unit: Northumberland Fusiliers, 1st Battalion

Service: British Army

Killed in action July 3, 1915, France & Flanders

This is a continuation of Dalton Placenames in England as identified by DGS member in the the transcriptions of the Domesday Book.  For complete background on this data, please consult the information in the December 2006 issue of the Daltons in History Archive.

1. Dalton (Daltone) (near Wigan): Lancashire Hundred, West Derby in South Lancashire:

Roger of Poiton held the undermentioned land between the Ribble and the Mersey.

Uhtred held one carucate in Dalton. Uhtred also held Crosby and Kirkdale. He was exempt from paying customary dues arising from civil and criminal actions; but he paid the king's tax like the men of the district. Map Wd14 - Grid: SD 49 - 08.

2. Dalton in North Lancashire in boundary with Westmoreland and Cumberland which wasthe Land of the King in Yorkshire, West Riding is mapped with Burton as a detached portion of Strickland. In Strickland Hundred: Gillemichael had in Dalton and other lands,a total of twenty carucates. Map St10 - Map Grid: SD 5476.

3. Dalton in Furnesss near Millom in North Lancashire in boundary with Westmoreland and Cumberland: Earl Tosti had in Dalton two carucates. Map Mi14 - Grid: SD 22 - 74.

1150 to 1350 by A.D. Weld (c) Boston 1896. pp 527 to 529:  Appreciation is extended to Mike Dalton for extracting the following data.

Yorkshire - DALTON

In the Domesday Book there is a record that Gospatric had in this place* three and a half carucates: the earl holds them. *This is the village of Dalton near Ravensworth, North Riding. One authority states that Roald le Fraunceys gave land in this place to Warin de Travers, of Dalton Travers; but of this conveyance we find no record. The same authority gives a record of the grantee in 2 Richard I. (1190-91) and furthers states that he died. 25 Henry III. (1240-41).

23  Henry III. (1245-46).---- John Fraunceys claimed against Robert Travers two bovatesof land with appurtenances in Dalton.

30  Henry III. (1245-46).---- John son of Peter, who took a writ of diversion of a certainwatercourse in Dalton Travers, to the injury of plaintiff's freehold in Dalton Travers, against Robert Travers, did not come, and was in contempt with his sureties; namely, Robert de Wassington and John le Fraunnceis, of Dalton.

Fine, Trin., 30  Henry III. (1246), between John le Fraunceys, plaintiff and Robert Travers, defandant of four acres of land with the appurtenances in Dalton; and the said Robert acknowledges the said land to be in the right of the said John, which Robert le Fraunceys, father of the said John, had, by the gift of Warin Travers, father of the said Robert, whose heir he is, to hold to the said John and his heirs of the said Robert and heirs forever, at the yearly rent of 12d., payable half at Pentecost and half at the feast of Saint Martin, for all services. In consideration whereof the said John gave the said Robert one soar hawk.

There is another Dalton in this same wapentake,* called Alia Dalton in Domesday survey, which record shows that Gospatric holds one manor in this place, which is waste. Gospatric had a son Dolfin, who, according to a published pedigree, had a son Roger, mentioned as Roger de Dalton, who appears to have had a daughter and a heir, Wiltmai, said to have married Norman Travers, who in right of his wife, was seized of Alia Dalton, which was afterwards called Dalton Travers, and finally Gayles.

Adam Travers of Dalton Travers, son and heir of Robert Travers, living in 46 Henry III, was defendant in a plea at the suit of Gilbert le Frauncis, touching lands in Dalton Travers.

7  Edward I. (1278-79).---- An assize was taken to ascertain if Isolda, who was the wife of William, son of Alicia de Neusum, Wiliam Werry of Dalton Travers and John Fraunceys, unjustly disseized Adam, son of John le Fraunceys, of ten bovates of land with the appurtenances in Dalton Travers, whilst he was on his journey to Jerusalem. And John de Carleton and answered for the defendants, as their bailiff, etc., and for the said William he said Adam unjustly brought this suit against him, because he held by the gift of said Isolda, and if the others disseized the said Isolda, he did not know; and afterwards said that the said Adam was never in seisin of the said land, therefore they could not unjustly disseize him, which the jury confirmed, and the plaintiff was in contempt for a false claim.

In 15  Edward I. (1286-87) in Dalton Travers there were three carucates of land (and twelve made one knight's fee), of which William Werry held one carucate, John Frankes three bovates, Henry, son of John, one bovate, Richard, son of Wychard de Charron, held twelve bovates of Hugh de Ask, who held of of the earl, and the earl of the king.*

In 30  Edward I. (1301-2) Emma Frankyse paid a subsidy of five and three-quarters pence.

" Note.  In 11th Century England: one carucate = 120 acres; one bovate = 15 acres.  A wapentake was defined as an administrative division of the county.